Triglycerides are the fat circulating in our body. The fat deposits are utilized by the human body to extract energy. The excess of this fat combines with glycerol to produce triglycerides which are stored in the body for later use. When the amount of calories required for energy is more than required, high triglycerides result. A high level of triglycerides is extremely harmful to the body as they clog the arteries, which stops the blood from reaching the brain, leading to a stroke.
The most dangerous effect of high triglycerides is heart attacks and other related heart diseases. Other problems include obesity, diabetes, high blood pressure and hypothyroidism. Running a lipid profile test will reveal the levels of triglycerides in the body. This test is usually taken after 8 – 12 hours of fasting. The levels should be below 150 mg/dL. A level of 200 mg/dL or more is considered high. This increases the risk of coronary heart disease.
People having the risk of high triglycerides levels or hypertriglyceridemia belong to a particular category. This category includes people with genetic defects, metabolic syndrome, diabetes, obesity, hypothyroidism, nephrotic syndrome and high alcohol intake. The best way to lower triglycerides is by taking a diet with low carbohydrates and fats, and exercising a lot. Green leafy vegetables have no toxic effects and should be included in the diet as much as possible. It is yet to be established that high triglycerides levels can cause heart attacks. But it certainly does one no harm in eating a balanced diet which will surely decrease the risk of heart failure.